What factors determine shipping cost quotes?

It is very important to correctly determine shipping cost quotes. It may seem like a daunting task, as there are so many factors to take into consideration when coming up with a fair shipping quote for either a one-time shipment or a routine shipment. However, it can be done!
To come up with a fair charge, you have to look at a number of factors, like gas, tolls and even the insurance to cover the goods in the truck. However, the go-to system is actually standardized in the industry. This system is handled by NMFC codes. The NMFC uses a number of factors to determine what class the shipment falls into, and from there, what fees will be associated with the shipment's transit. Visit the www.freightcom.com for more details.

What is the Purpose of NMFC Codes?
NMFC codes are used to standardize the shipping and freight process. In transit, tolls, and taxes can all be determined using these codes. The NMFC codes start at class 50 and go up to 500. Class 50 is the least expensive class. It involves easy-to-transport items and heavy objects. Class 500 is the most expensive class. It is made up of lightweight materials, as well as expensive, irreplaceable items.
The classes between 50 and 500 are determined by a number of physical and practical factors, such as ease of handling and perishability, in addition to the shipment's weight.

What Determines an NMFC Code Class:
A number of factors come into play when considering a shipment's code class. These include:

Packaging:
If a product stacks neatly and is able to be stacked on top of other products it will ship for less than what fragile or awkwardly-shaped products will ship for.

Value:
If your product is very valuable, even though it may not weigh much, it will cost more to ship because of the cost of insurance. Some lightweight items can be very valuable. These items will require more expensive insurance, in the instance that something were to go wrong. The more replaceable an item is, the lower the insurance costs. This, in turn, means lowering the shipping costs.

Density:
Additionally, the less dense your shipment is, the more it costs. This is because packages that are less dense are actually easier to crush, and they can be more difficult to transport. Carriers will always try to maximize their profitability per trailer. Carriers may assess charges based upon the space a shipment occupies or they may charge by the weight of your shipment, which ever costs more.

Special Handling Situations:
If your shipment needs special handling, if it is heavy or awkward, it will usually cost more to ship. Shipments that are heavier and need two people or special equipment to handle them will cost more, as this added personnel increases the cost.
Things like framed art, that needs to be handled separately, will need added personnel, added insurance and additional road checks which are unique to this type of cargo. The same goes for hazardous cargo. These things, also, increase the shipping costs.

Tips to Reduce Shipping Costs
In order to determine lower shipping cost quotes, make sure to package your items neatly. Note that heavy objects that are neatly packaged into 4×4 squares cost the least to ship. The most expensive shipments are those that are very light or which contain expensive cargo. Since light cargo can be crushed, they cost more to transport. Try to package items into denser, heavier shipments to reduce damage and costs.
You can also consolidate expensive items to get the most out of your insurance costs.